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ASTM D 737 Air Permeability

Standard:

ASTM

Method:

ASTM D 737

Title:

Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics

Scope

ASTM D 737 Air permeability covers the measurement of the air permeability of textile fabrics. This test applies to most fabrics, including woven fabrics, nonwoven fabrics, air bag fabrics, blankets, napped fabrics, knitted fabrics, layered fabrics, and pile fabrics. The fabrics may be untreated, heavily sized, coated, resin-treated, or otherwise treated. The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values stated in inch-pound units may be approximate.

Summary of Test

The rate of air flow passing perpendicularly through a known area of fabric is adjusted to obtain a prescribed air pressure differential between the two fabric surfaces.  From this rate of air flow, the air permeability of the fabric is determined.

Significance and Use

This test method is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments since current estimates of between-laboratory precision are acceptable, and this test method is used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing.

Air permeability is an important factor in the performance of such textile materials as gas filters, fabrics for air bags, clothing, mosquito netting, parachutes, sails, tentage, and vacuum cleaners. In filtration, for example, efficiency is directly related to air permeability. Air permeability also can be used to provide an indication of the breathability of weather-resistant and rainproof fabrics, or of coated fabrics in general, and to detect changes during the manufacturing process.

Performance specifications, both industrial and military, have been prepared on the basis of air permeability and are used in the purchase of fabrics where permeability is of interest.

 

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