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TAPPI T 527 Color (Diffuse or ISO)






Color of paper and paperboard (d/0, C/2)


The TAPPI T 527 Color test describes a procedure for measuring the color of paper or paperboard with tristimulus filter colorimeters or spectrophotometers incorporating diffuse/0 geometry and CIE (International Commission on Illumination) illuminant C.

In the method, tristimulus values X (red), Y (green), and Z (blue), appropriate to the CIE-1931 (2°) standard observer, are calculated from reflectance measurements Rx, Ry, and Rz. or from R (λ) data. Color can then be expressed in various color space systems:

  1. Hunter L, a, b
  2. CIE L*, a*, b*
  3. L*, C*, h
  4. Dominant wavelength, purity, luminosity
  5. Color difference, [ΔE, ΔE*, ΔE*94, ΔE (CMC)]

Instruments equipped with microprocessors which give direct information relating to different color scale systems conform to this method only if the means of measurements and calculation conform to the descriptions herein.


The color appearance of paper and paperboard is important for its aesthetic value in marketing packaged products, as an aid to distribution of multi-ply forms; to differentiate pages or sections of published literature, in artwork,and in many other applications.

A numerical definition of color is essential to good quality control and to customer-producer relationships.


Please note:
SGS-IPS cannot sell or otherwise provide standards, specifications, or test procedures to third parties.